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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7] 楊啟新。1987。 正常步態資料之建立。碩士論文。台南, 國立成功大學工程科學研究所。
  2. [11] Affatato S, Toni A. Leg length mea1surement: a new method to assure the correct leg length in total hip arthroplasty. Med Eng Phys 2000;22:435-439.
  3. [12] Bal BS. A technique for comparison of leg lengths during total hip replacement. Am J Orthop 1996;25(1):61-62.
  4. [13] Clarke GR. Unequal leg length: an accurate method of detection and some clinical results. Rheum Phys Med 1972;11:385-390.
  5. [14] D’Aubigne RM, Duboussed J. Surgical correction of large leg length discrepancies in the lower extremity of children and adults- an analysis of twenty consecutive cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1968;53:61-69.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李世銘(2012)。不同步行速度穿越橫坡對步態表現之影響。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-107。 
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