Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Akiyoshi D E, Klee H, Amasino R M, Nester E W and Gordon M P 1984 T-DNA of Agrobacterium tumefaciens encodes an enzyme of cytokinin biosynthesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 81, 5994-5998.
  2. Akiyoshi D E, Morris R O, Hinz R, Mischke B S, Kosuge T, Garfinkel D J, Gordon M P and Nester E W 1983 Cytokinin/auxin balance in crown gall tumors is regulated by specific loci in the T-DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 80, 407-411.
  3. Akiyoshi D E, Regier D A and Gordon M P 1987 Cytokinin production by Agrobacterium and Pseudomonas spp. J Bacteriol 169, 4242-4248.
  4. Akiyoshi D E, Regier D A, Jen G and Gordon M P 1985 Cloning and nucleotide sequence of tzs gene from Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain T37. Nucleic Acids Res 13, 2773-2788.
  5. Aly K A, Krall L, Lottspeich F and Baron C 2008 The type IV secretion system component VirB5 binds to the trans-zeatin biosynthetic enzyme Tzs and enables its translocation to the cell surface of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. J Bacteriol 190, 1595-1604.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 董謹儀(2015)。Tzs蛋白質不同功能域缺失對農桿菌致病基因表現、細菌生長與致病性之影響。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2015。1-156。 
  2. 鄭惇方(2013)。功能分析tzs基因及細胞分裂素對農桿菌生長、感染力及致病基因表現之影響。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2013。1-112。 
  3. 楊豐誌(2010)。反玉米素合成蛋白質對土壤農桿菌virulence基因表現之功能分析。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2010。1-87。 
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