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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 李春樹。2003。銅鋅鉛在污染土壤中之化學形態及其萃取性研究。國立成功大學環境工程學研究所博士論文。P. 35。
  2. 18. 蕭英德。2004。攜帶式X光螢光分析儀介紹。勞工安全衛生簡訊第68期。
  3. 21. Alloway, B. J. 1995. Heavy metal in soils (2nd edition). Blackie Academic and Proffessional, Glasgow, UK.
  4. 22. Adams, M. L., F. J. Zhao, S. P. McGrath, F. A. Nicholson and B. J. Chambers. 2004. Predicting cadmium concentrations in wheat and barley grain using soil properties. J. Environ. Qual. 33:532-541.
  5. 23. Alborés, A. F., B. P. Cid, E. F. Gómez and E. F. López. 2000. Comparison between sequential extraction procedures and single extractions for metal partitioning in sewage sludge samples. The Analyst. 125: 1353-1357.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖婉岑(2010)。不同改良資材對銅和鎘污染之強酸性土壤的改良。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2010。1-102。 
  2. 呂依憲(2010)。探討化學添加劑對浸水環境下之污染土壤重金屬溶解度的影響。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2010。1-109。 
  3. 林志豪(2008)。汙染土壤浸水環境下之重金屬釋出。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2008。1-98。 
  4. 蔡沛軒(2014)。以螯合劑及還原劑萃取土壤重金屬。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2014。1-136。 
  5. 陳玥(2013)。不同施肥條件下蛇紋石土壤種植水稻之重金屬吸收量。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2013。1-65。 
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