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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭安秀、吳雅方、郭源燿。2006。木瓜黑腐病防治研究。植病會刊15:301-302。
  2. Audy, P., Breaat, C. E., Saindon, G., Huang, H. C., and Laroche, A. 1996. A rapid and sensitive PCR-based assay for concurrent detection of bacteria causing common and halo blights in bean seed. Phytopathology 86:361-366.
  3. Bradbury, J. F. 1986. Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. CBA International, U.K. 332pp.
  4. Burr, T. J., and Schroth, M. N. 1977. Occurrence of soft-rot Erwinia spp. In soil and plant material. Phytopathology 67:1382-1387.
  5. Cother, E. J., Darbyshire, B., and Brewer, J. 1976. Pseudomonas aeruginosa: cause of internal brown rot of onion. Phytopathology 66:828-834.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳瓔旂(2013)。台灣木瓜黑腐病菌Erwinia 菌株之多基因序列分析。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。2013。1-63。 
  2. 林奕德(2014)。丹參細菌性軟腐病之研究。臺灣大學植物醫學碩士學位學程學位論文。2014。1-66。 
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