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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊雄、李翠芬(2001)。高齡農民人力資源發展與應用之研究:以中部地區為例。農業推廣學報,18,33-47。
  2. 王俊豪(2001)。從社會風險與社會保險觀點,探討德國農民專屬福利制度與問題。農業推廣學報,18,1-32。
  3. 王毓敏、林繼正、陳月嬌(2008)。EMBA班學習動機、價值觀、學習障礙與學習行爲之探討。國立虎尾科技大學學報,27(1),89-107。
  4. 沙依仁(1994)。高齡學。台北:五南。
  5. 李宗派(2004)。老化理論與老人保健。身心障礙研究,12(2),77-94。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭喬瑋(2013)。以生命歷程觀點探討早年失學高齡者學習參與之研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-181。
  2. 洪君慧(2014)。樂齡者持續參與學習意圖因素之研究─計畫行為理論之觀點。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-132。
  3. 羅賢珈(2014)。低識字高齡者參與敘說生命故事活動之代間學習歷程研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育系高齡者教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-185。
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