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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3]Zhao Yong-Wei, Jian Xian-Wen, Zheng Zhen- Chong, Analysis on the Occupant Safe Egress Time for the Underground Rapid Transit Station , Journal of Disaster Mitigation and Rescue Central Police University,2002。
  2. [7]鄭琮琰、胡寶林、雷明遠,大型空間展覽場展覽活動之避難安全評估之研究-以台北世貿展覽館為例,私立中原大學室內設計學系碩士論文,2001。
  3. [8]陳相宇,行人煙霧環境下避難之擁擠行為模擬,大同大學資訊工程研究所碩士論文, 2007。
  4. [11]郭厚村,具人類群聚傾向於建築規劃之最佳決策模型,台灣,中興大學土木工程系博士論文,2011。
  5. [13] Clerc, M. and Kennedy, J., The particle swarm-explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space, IEEE transactions on evolutionary computation, Volume 6, Issue 1, 58-73,2002
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