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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂昀陞。2010。台灣茄科與十字花科作物 Xanthomonas 病原細菌之特性分析與檢測。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。
  2. 許博堯。2009。寡核苷酸微陣列同時快速診斷鑑定多種重要防檢疫森林病原真菌之研發。台灣大學植物病理與微生物學研究所學位論文。
  3. 黃尚仁。2012。可同時檢測三種病毒之香蕉生物晶片系統之開發。朝陽科技大學生化科技研究所學位論文。
  4. 寧方俞。2012。鑑定及檢測茄科植物細菌性斑點病菌 Xanthomonas perforans 之聚合酵素連鎖反應技術及台灣 X. perforans 菌株之多型性分析。中興大學植物病理學系所學位論文。
  5. Agrios, G. N. 2005. Plant diseases caused by prokaryotes. Plant pathology. 5th edition. Elsevier. Academic Press, San Diego, USA. 922pp.
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