Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王重勝。2004。葉菜類蔬菜平衡施肥策略之探討。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系碩士論文。
  2. 古錦文、戴振洋、蔡宜峰。1995。有機質肥料對秋作菜豆生育及產量之影響。台中區農業改良場研究彙報,49: 41-48。
  3. 行政院農業委員會。2012。肥料種類品目及規格。
  4. 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2005。作物施肥手冊。第六版。南投。台灣。
  5. 吳添益、陳仁炫。2004。不同禽畜糞堆肥的施用對土壤肥力及苦瓜生育的影響。台灣農業化學與食品科學,42 (4):242-250。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉柏廷(2016)。耐鹽性細菌在鹽逆境下之特性及對植物促進生長之效應。中興大學土壤環境科學系所學位論文。2016。1-114。
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