Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王千文、陳敦源 (2012)。〈形式上還是實質上的「公私協力」: 全民健康保險總額支付制度個案分析〉。《公共行政學報》,第42期,頁99-137。
  2. 吳明儒、王仕圖(2009)。〈區公所培力社區的創新方案及其成效之研究:以高雄市「協力各區開啟社區願景實施及續力計畫」為例〉。《人文社會科學研究》,第3卷第2期,頁113-132。
  3. 李長晏 (2007) 。〈全球化趨勢下地方治理的困境與發展〉 。 《中國地方自治》,第60卷,第9期,頁4-23。
  4. 李增祿(1995)。〈論社區意識、社會建設與國家發展〉。《社區發展季
  5. 袁鶴齡(2007)〈全球人趨勢中的公民參與〉。《研考雙月刊》,第31卷第五期,頁74-85。
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