Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [7]Kim Geun-Ho. Park Chil-Keun .Song Ki-Chang,2005, High power LED package, United States and Trademark office。
  2. [8]Jeong In Suk . Kim Gi Bin,2005, Backlight unit, United States and Trademark office。
  3. [13]Mok, Thye Linn . Tan, Siew Kim . Ng, Shin Wen,2005,LED mounting having increased heat dissipation, United States and Trademark office。
  4. [15]Song,Chun-ho.Kang,Seock-hwan.Kim,Gi-cherl.Lee, Sang-yu. Cho, Joo-woan,2006, Heat conduction member and liquid crystal display having the same, United States and Trademark office。
  5. [16]Noh, Ji-whan. Wang, Jong-min,2006, Edge light type backlight unit having heat sink system, United States and Trademark office。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張智揚(2013)。高亮度微型投影機光源之熱傳效益改善研究。臺北科技大學光電工程系所學位論文。2013。1-37。 
  2. 陳健仲(2009)。LED背光模組之研究。清雲科技大學電機工程系所學位論文。2009。1-51。
  3. 楊薪傳(2011)。高功率LED基板之散熱設計研發。臺北科技大學資源工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-65。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :