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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 332 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 丁學勤、陳正男、吳萬益,「總部特質、溝通、投機行為、資產專屬性對加盟關係的影響」,行銷評論,第1卷,第2期,2004,第1–30頁。
  2. 2. 佘日新、許嘉文與陳厚銘,「國際化資源聯結特性、能力提昇與廠商產業網路地位之關係」,台灣管理學刊,第3卷,第2期,2003,第85–102頁。
  3. 3. 林素吟、丁學勤、李東穎,「購買者與供應商關係中夥伴投機行為的決定因素」,管理實務與理論研究,第4卷,第3期,2010,第133 –153頁。
  4. 5. 周善瑜、吳基逞,「獨佔廠商品牌形象與最適產品線延伸策略」,管理學報,第20卷,第6期,2003,第1081–1121頁。
  5. 7. 胡同來、莊紹妤、謝文雀、郭人介,「通路權力、通路氣候、夥伴關係與合作績效之研究:數位相機產業實證」,管理與系統,第17卷,第2期,2010,第183–205頁。
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