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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姚開屏。台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用。 2002,台灣醫學6(3):193-199。
  2. 楊奕馨。台灣地區成年與老年人口腔健康調查。2006,行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  3. 顧建娟。台北市長期照護機構老人咀嚼能力與口腔健康相關生活品質之探討。2007,碩士論文。
  4. 李易蓁。老人口腔健康狀態與生活品質之關係暨其影響因素之探討。2007,博士論文。
  5. Agerberg. G. Mandibular function and dysfunction in complete denture wearers – a literature review. J Oral Rehabil 1988;15:237.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林煜哲(2009)。中文版自覺口腔健康衝擊量表之評估及其初步應用。臺北醫學大學牙醫學系碩博士班學位論文。2009。1-117。 
  2. 楊惠鈞(2012)。探討社區老人口腔保健之經驗。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-91。
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