* Airiti Library,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 30 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李淑霞、吳淑瓊(1998).家庭照護者負荷與憂鬱之影響因素.護理研究,6(1),57-67。
  2. 李英芬(2006).住院腸胃道癌症病人主要照顧者負荷及相關因素.未發表碩士論文.臺北醫學大學,臺北。
  3. 李正吉吉、郭生興、郭英雄、楊博正、韓俊良(1997).頰黏膜癌-最具代表性的口腔癌.臺灣醫學,1(5),638-647 。
  4. Baker, C. A. (1992). Factors associated with rehabilitation in head and neck. Cancer Nursing, 15(6), 395-400.
  5. Browning, J. S., & Schwirian, P. M. (1994). Spousal caregivers’ burden impact of care recipient health problems and mental status. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 20(3), 17-22.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃曉萍(2011)。老年配偶照顧者照顧負荷之預測因子。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-92。 
  2. 陳曼微(2010)。居家失能老人之主要照顧者緊張感受、社會支持及生活品質之探討 --以屏東縣為例。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-298。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :