Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料: 中文部份 王水深(2000).心臟移植。台灣醫學,4 (3),294-301。
  2. 王秀紅(2000).自我照顧的概念及其在國內護理研究應用之評斷.護理雜誌,47 (2),640-670。
  3. 中華民國器官捐贈協會(2001).台灣地區器官捐贈和移植人數統計表。器捐會訊,24, 45。 中央健康保險局(1999).全民健康保險醫療費用支付標準.上冊.P32.台北:中央健保局。 汪素敏、顧乃平、林幸台、魏崢(1998).心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討。護理研究,6 (1),4-17。
  4. 呂雀芬、蕭淑貞(1993) .希望概念之探討。護理雜誌,40 (1) ,63-68。
  5. 林千雅(2001).心臟衰竭病患希望、不確定感與社會支持之探討.未發表之碩士論文,國立陽明醫學大學,台北,台灣。 林敏玲、邱艷芬(2001).花蓮地區心臟衰竭病患對疾病認知、態度及自我照顧行為相關之探討。慈濟醫學,13 (1),57-64。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宏修(2015)。國中學生希望感、社會支持與自尊關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-231。 
  2. 洪基庭(2010)。師徒功能及社會支持對學生劍道選手的組織社會化影響之研究。臺東大學進修部運動休閒管理碩(假日)學位論文。2010。1-101。 
  3. 江文忍(2010)。護理之家住民之自我照顧行為及其相關因素探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  4. 廖玉貞(2010)。乳癌患者症狀困擾與希望狀態之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  5. 王惠芳(2010)。第一型糖尿病兒童及青少年自我照顧行為與照顧成效之差異分析。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-85。 
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