Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部分: 行政院衛生署(2000)中華民國八十六年癌症登記報告?台北:作者。 汪素敏、顧乃平、林幸台、魏崢(1998)?心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討?護理研究,6(1),4-17。
  2. 李威傑(1995)胃癌?醫學繼續教育,5(2),157-161。
  3. 李梅琛、賴裕和、陳美伶、劉淑娟(2001)?病人疼痛特質與疼痛信念對手術後使用止痛藥物的影響?護理雜誌,48(1),49-57。
  4. 呂雀芬、蕭淑貞(1993)?「希望」概念之探討?護理雜誌,40(1),63-68。
  5. 吳佳璇、李明濱(2001)?癌症病患及家屬知心理反應與適應?台灣醫學,5(4),423-428。
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴世華(2010)。頭頸癌症患者復發擔憂對癌症關連疲勞之影響 - 以因應型態及負向情緒為中介變項。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-104。 
  2. 廖玉貞(2010)。乳癌患者症狀困擾與希望狀態之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  3. 黃寶珠(2007)。腸胃道癌症手術病人主要照顧者的負荷及相關因素。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-152。 
  4. 蕭淑嫺(2015)。參與臨床試驗的肺癌病人不確定感與希望狀態之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-113。 
  5. 鄒琇珍(2011)。探討血液腫瘤病人接受造血幹細胞移植後生活品質之重要預測因子。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-152。 
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