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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡娟(2000)。健康促進在護理專業中的應用。護理雜誌,47(1),5-12。
  2. 呂淑妤、林宗義(2000)。南部社區老人憂鬱症狀盛行率及相關因素研究。中華公共衛生雜誌,19(1),50-60。
  3. 呂寶靜(1998)。老人非正式和正式照顧體系關係之初探:從家人和日託中心工作人員協助項目的比較分析出發。社會政策與社會工作學刊,2(1),3-38。
  4. 邱啟潤、楊美賞、陳彰惠(2004)。長期照護的願景-以家庭為中心的老人照護。長期照護雜誌,7(4),368-398。
  5. 吳秋燕(2003)。老年人身體活動、心肺適能與生活品質之相關研究。臺灣師範大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文。 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋(2001)。在地老化:臺灣二十一世紀長期照護的政策方向。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,20(3),192-201。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭素惠(2005)。老人社區日托參與之研究:參與感受,社會支持及生活滿意度分析。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2005。1-149。
  2. 羅秋茗(2014)。輕中度高齡失智者參與懷舊活動方案促進其幸福感之研究-以台南市一所養護中心為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2014。1-191。
  3. 林雅蓁(2014)。社區在宅介護創業計畫。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2014。1-195。
  4. 周佳妮(2016)。長期照護與日間照護資訊系統之 架構與建立。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-86。
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