Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料 中文部份 王秀紅 (1994) .照顧者角色對婦女衝擊: 護理的涵義.護理雜誌.41(3),18-23。
  2. 頁).台中市:華格納企業。 行政院衛生署 (2005).93年台灣地區主要癌症死亡原因.2005年2月1日取自http://www.doh.gov.tw/stiatistic/data/死因摘要/93年表10. xls。 國民健康局 (2004).中華民國九十一年癌症登記報告.台北縣:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  3. 邱啟潤、許淑敏、吳瓊滿 (2002).主要照顧者的負荷、壓力與因應行為之國內文獻研究文獻回顧.醫護科技學刊,4(4),273-290。
  4. 林梅香、顧乃平、劉仲冬、陳政友、林麗嬋 (1996).肝癌患者家屬主要照顧者的壓力、因應行為、健康狀況及其相關因素之探討.護理研究,4(2),171-184。
  5. 林玲華、林佳蓉、陳美伶 (2004) .癌症與非癌症手術後住院病患照顧者的負荷及其相關因素之初探.長庚護理,15(2),141-155。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡惠慈(2015)。支持性團體與家庭照顧者照顧負荷之相關性研究。暨南大學社會政策與社會工作學系學位論文。2015。1-101。 
  2. 曲幗敏(2011)。簽署不予施行心肺復甦術癌症病人照顧者家屬的 感受與其相關因素之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-143。 
  3. 莊文齡(2010)。慢性阻塞性肺疾病患主要照顧者負荷及其相關因素之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-126。 
  4. 張筱姃(2008)。口腔癌、喉癌病人術前與術後主要照顧者的照顧負荷及相關因素。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-107。 
  5. 黃寶珠(2007)。腸胃道癌症手術病人主要照顧者的負荷及相關因素。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-152。 
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