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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.行政院衛生署:中華民國九十三年衛生統計。台北:行政院衛生署,2004
  2. 4.林茂榮、蔡素蘭、陳淑雅、曾信嘉:台灣中部某鄉村社區老人跌倒之危險因子。台灣衛誌 2002;Vol 21,No1,73-82
  3. 5.Tinetti ME, Speechley M. Prevention of falls among the elderly. New England journal of medicine, 1989, 320:1055-59.
  4. 6.Freeman C ,Todd C ,Ferrante C C,et al. Quality improvement for people with hip fracture: experience from a multi-site audit. Quality and safety in health care, 2002, 11:239-45.
  5. 7.Tinetti ME, Powell, Lynda .Fear of falling and low-self-efficacy A cause of dependence in elderly persons. Journal of Gerontology; Sep 1993; 48, Health Module 35-38
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林純匡(2009)。膳食纖維的介入對不同減重信念之減重者的減重成效評估。中山醫學大學營養學研究所學位論文。2009。1-121。
  2. 蘇明雄(2012)。基於有限狀態機之智慧型手機跌倒偵測機制。大同大學資訊工程學系所學位論文。2012。1-53。
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