Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅(2000)•自我照顧的概念及其在國內護理研究應用之評析•護理雜誌,47(2),64-70。
  2. 王曼溪(2000)•如何製作好讀易懂的書面衛教資料•台灣醫學,4(3),334-337。
  3. 白玉珠(2004)•病人居家護理需求之相關研究•榮總雜誌,21(1),98-100。
  4. 白玉珠、鄒怡真、林淑惠、洪曉佩(2003)•病人脫離呼吸器後居家護理需求及相關因素之研究•國家科學委員會經費補助研究成果報告,研究編號:Nsc.91-2314-B075-077。
  5. 行政院衛生署(2005)•台灣衛生網•2007年3月5日取自
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張怡雅(2017)。自我管理促進方案在慢性阻塞性肺病病人之成效。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2017。1-220。 
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