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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古志銘、林宏恩、陳文貞(2009)。台南市大學院校生休閒遊憩場所形象定位之研究-以台南市百貨公司為例。運動健康與休閒學刊,11,79-95。
  2. 李芝靜、何楚台(2001)。國小英語師資班學員參訓動機、角色知覺、任教意願與任教相關問題之探討。教育研究集刊,46,125-145。
  3. 吳國芳(2001)。高雄市六家醫院形象定位之研究─對應分析的應用。高雄醫學大學公共衛生學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 林榮輝(2006)。組織整併後病患變革知覺及服務品質知覺與就醫忠誠度之關聯性研究
  5. 馬作鏹、洪思雯、邱晏麟(2004)。市場定位與經營競爭度對地區醫院歇業之影響。中臺灣醫學科學雜誌,9(1),16-26。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳世珍(2013)。獨輪上的領導-基層護理領導的困境與挑戰。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-74。 
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