* Airiti Library
Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 131 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bakker, E.W., Verhagen, A.P., Lucas, C., Koning, H.J., Koes, B.W., 2007. Spinal mechanical load: a predictor of persistent low back pain? A prospective cohort study. Eur Spine J. 16(7), 933-941.
  2. Balague, F., Nordin, M., Skovron, M.L., 1994. Non-specific low back pain among schoolchildren: A field survey with analysis of some associated factors. J of Spinal Disorders 7(5), 374-379.
  3. Bergmark, A., 1989. Stability of the lumbar spine. A study in mechanical engineering. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl 230, 1-54.
  4. Bongers, P.M., Boshuizen, H.C., 1990. Back disorders and whole-body vibration at work. University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam.
  5. Boshuizen, H.C., Verbeek, J., Broersen, J.P.J., Weel, A.N.H., 1993. Do Smokers Get More Back Pain? Spine 18, 35.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪于婷(2009)。宅配業駕駛員下背問題之探討。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  2. 楊品中(2015)。智慧型自動物料搬運系統研製。虎尾科技大學車輛工程系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-45。 
  3. 蕭明生(2013)。員工工作生活品質與組織承諾關係之探討-以統一速達為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2013。1-54。 
  4. 黃裕承(2011)。坐姿初始軀幹傾斜角對站立動作身體控制之影響。國立臺北教育大學體育學系學位論文。2011。1-93。
  5. 謝孟桓(2017)。改善包裝作業之評估:以某傳統紡織廠為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-131。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :