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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 田沁潔、賴惠玲、許文林、彭逸稘、李茹萍(2007)•護理衛教對頭頸部癌症病人口腔照顧認知、健康信念及自我效能之成效•實證護理,3(3),215–224。
  2. 行政院衛生署疾病管制局﹙2008,12月﹚•新版醫療照護相關感染監測定義•2009年8月10日取自http://www.doh.gov.tw
  3. 邱淑卿、黃子庭、江慧玲(2002) •探討長期照護機構失能住民口腔衛生改善專案•長庚護理,13(3),264–275。
  4. 張文玲(2004)•口腔癌及癌前病變患者口腔照護需求、口腔功能與生活品質之相關性研究•未發表的碩士論文,高雄:高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所。
  5. 陳筱雯(2004)•成人加護病房病患嚴重度與口腔狀況相關性之探討•未發表的碩士論文,高雄:高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所。
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