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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王智賢、徐邦智、方德昭(2006)•糖尿病腎臟病變•慈濟醫學,18(1),25-29。
  2. 王雪鳳、唐婉如、劉雪娥、曾士婷、陳宇嘉、劉麗芳(2008)•糖尿病患疾病特徴與生活品質相關因素之探討-台灣中部某區域醫院之報告•中華民國內分泌暨糖尿病學會會刊, 21(3),1-12。
  3. 王淑麗、蕭仕敏、邱怡文、黃尚志、陳鴻鈞(2007)•如何執行慢性腎臟病個案管理:南部某醫學中心為例•腎臟與透析,19(1),6-11。
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2004)•2004年度腎臟保健推廣機構設置作業說明•台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  5. 李文欽、張舜智、黃忠餘(2006)•慢性腎臟病防治的共識與準則•腎臟與透析,18(2),93-98。
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