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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 190 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方慧芬、張慧玉、林佳靜(2009)•末期病人面臨預立醫囑、生前預囑之現況及生命自決之倫理議題•護理雜誌,56(1),17-22。
  2. 王志嘉、楊奕華、邱泰源、羅慶徽、陳聲平(2003)•安寧緩和條列:有關「不施行,以及終止或撤除心肺復甦術」之法律觀點•台灣家庭醫學雜誌,13(3),101-107。
  3. 王潤清(2004)•慢性疼痛對情緒狀態及睡眠品質之影響:慢性癌痛與慢性每日頭痛之比較•碩士論文,台北醫學大學護理學研究所,台北。
  4. 李淑霞、吳淑瓊(1998)•家庭照顧者感受與憂鬱之影響因素•護理研究,6(1),57-68。
  5. 李英芬(2000)•接受安寧居家照顧之家屬情緒支持•安寧療護雜誌,5(1),54-57。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃代泱(2013)。影響加護病房老年重症病人面臨疾病末期時期成年子女簽署DNR同意書意願因素。長榮大學護理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。 
  2. 張馥安(2015)。高中生簽署「預立安寧緩和醫療暨維生醫療抉擇意願書」意圖研究---計畫行為理論之應用。國立臺北教育大學教育學系生命教育碩士班學位論文。2015。1-169。 
  3. 林以容(2017)。生命末期醫療決策:訊息框架之研究。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2017。1-149。 
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