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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李選、林淑琴(2003)〃分析抗煞事件中護理專業面臨之危機〃護理雜誌,50(3),29-33。
  2. 李選、白香菊、顏文娟(2008)〃台灣地區護理人員執業環境之現況調查〃護理雜誌,55(4),30-40。
  3. 邱柏儒、黃婉婷、黃頌恩、陳昶勳、池宜倩(2010)〃台灣H1N1新型流感疫苗接種異常事件報告〃疫情報導,26(15),209-215。
  4. 許玉真、葉淑惠(2007)〃腦瘤患者手術前焦慮之照護〃長庚護理雜誌,18(3),379-386。
  5. 陳梅麗、林小玲、連金延、余先敏、蔡欣玲 (2000)〃醫學中心護理人員工作壓力、離職意願與離職行為之相關研究〃榮總護理,17(3),260-269。
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