* Airiti Library,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王豔萍(2001)•女性憂鬱症患者生病及復原歷程之研究•未發表碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所,臺北。
  2. 毛家舲、張鈺(1997)•精神科急診照顧•護理雜誌,44(5),89-95。
  3. 李文瑄(2001)•人際關係圖譜-動力團體治療新論•諮商與輔導,181,26-28。
  4. 李明濱、廖士程(2006)•自殺原因與防治策略•臺灣醫學,10(3),367-374。
  5. 李素芬(2004)•憂鬱的相關理論探究•諮商與輔導,223,2-6。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃敏懿(2017)。台灣大專院校助人工作者之自殺與自傷危機處遇經驗調查。國立暨南國際大學諮商心理與人力資源發展學系 輔導與諮商碩士班學位論文。2017。1-160。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :