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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王淑貞、王英偉(2002)。癌末病患病危出院對喪親家屬之衝擊。安寧療護雜誌,7(3),185-196。
  2. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2007)。消化系統癌症惡病質病患的個人基本屬性,營養狀況與日常生活活動能力及生活品質之相關性。護理雜誌,54(3),33-42。
  3. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2004年12月)。九十三年度安寧緩和醫療共同照護模式計劃工作成果報告。行政院衛生署國民健康局及台灣安寧照顧協會九十三年度發表書面報告口頭發表。台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 李英芬、蔡麗雲、劉景萍(2005)。癌末病人之疲倦及其相關因素。安寧療護雜誌,10(3),258-271。
  5. 李佩怡、蔡麗雲(2006)。衍生安寧病房-談安寧共同照護在台灣。安寧療護雜誌,11(2),166-174。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王素鴻(2010)。某醫學中心安寧療護轉介時機之探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所學位論文。2010。1-62。
  2. 劉曉恬(2014)。家屬照顧者運用安寧療護經驗探討。朝陽科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2014。1-151。
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