Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Bardossy, A.; Duckstein, L.; & Bogardi, I. (1993), “Combination Of Fuzzy Numbers Representing Expert Opinions”, Fuzzy Sets Ans Systems 57, 173-181.
  2. [2] Brookover, W. B., Beady, C.,& Flood, P. (1979). School social system and student achievement :School can make a difference. New York: Praeger.
  3. [4] Cave, M., Hanney S., & Kogan, M. (1991), The Use Of Performance Indicator In Higher Education: A Critical Analysis Of Developing Practice (2 nd ed.). London : Jessica Kingsley .
  4. [5] Coleman, J., et al. (1966), Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
  5. [7] Dalkey, N. C.; & Helmer, O. (1963), “An Experimental Application Of The Delphi Method To The Use Of Experts”, Management Science, Vol.9, 458-467.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 紀佳妮(2009)。技能領域數位學習教材使用效能評鑑量表建構之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-200。 
  2. 洪曉玉(2007)。澳洲高等教育品質保證機制之研究—以澳洲國立大學與墨爾本大學為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-221。 
  3. 林聖薇(2007)。公立大學績效評估動態模式之研究-以平衡計分卡為架構。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-95。 
  4. 許世宏(2005)。K12數位學校網路教學設計準則之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2005。1-178。 
  5. 張佳穎(2006)。應用德爾菲法與層級分析法建構大學教師研究績效指標。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-114。 
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