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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 106 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部統計處(2006)。《台閩地區老人狀況調查報告》。台北:內政部。
  2. 林連禎(1990)。《從運動社會科學探討大學休閒運動之組織、功能與學生參與:臺北市區三所獨立學院之比較研究》。台北:中華民國體育學會。
  3. 姚開屏(2000)。《台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊,第一版》。台北:世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組。
  4. 尚憶薇(2001)。〈花蓮地區老年人休閒動機與休閒阻礙之研究〉,《中華民國體育學會體育學報》,第31期,頁183-192。
  5. 邱發祥、彭武男、范淑珍、江榮吉(2001)。〈市民農園發展之研究〉,《桃園區農業改良場研究彙報》,第46期,頁27-41。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林佳儀(2010)。休閒農場與銀髮族照顧體系策略聯盟可行性之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2010。1-86。 
  2. 劉亦中(2010)。對養護機構失智老人進行園藝活動適用性的初探。臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2010。1-89。 
  3. 黃振紅(2007)。大學體育教師工作倦怠、休閒調適與生活品質關係之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所在職碩士班學位論文。2007。1-141。
  4. 吳郁涵(2009)。榮民休閒活動之探討:以桃園縣為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-158。
  5. 蔡純玉(2016)。民眾參與可食地景行為之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2016。1-126。
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