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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Anderson, et.al., The Timing Of Change : Patterns in transistions in functional status among elderly persons, 1998, Journal of Gerontology :Social Sciences, vol.53B(1) , pp.S17-S27.
  2. 2.Anderson, D. N., Treating depression in old age: The reasons to be positive , 2001, Age and Ageing, vol.30, pp.13-17.
  3. 3.Blixen, CE, Kippes, C., Depression, Social Support, and Quality of Life in Older Adults With Osteoarthritis, 1999, Journal of Nurisng Scholarship, vol.31(3), pp.221-226.
  4. 4.Brayne, C., Matthews, F. E., McGee, M. A., Jagger, C., Health and ill-health in the older population in England and Wales, 2001, The Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS). Age and Ageing, vol.30, pp.53-62.
  5. 5.Bullinger, M., Schmidt, S., Petersen, C., The DISABKIDS Group. Assessing quality of life of children with chronic health conditions and disabilities: a European approach, 2002 Sep., Int J. Rehabil Res., vol.25(3), pp.197-206.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃瀚生(2015)。評估侖道假體在亞瑟刀直線加速器照射鼻咽癌下的治療室環境劑量。中山醫學大學生物醫學科學學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-101。 
  2. 胡文萍(2007)。主治醫師對畢業後一般醫學訓練計畫的認知與態度。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2007。1-129。 
  3. 林青(2011)。從歷史制度論探討社會照顧機構之組織變遷。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2011。1-194。 
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