Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 127 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建楠、吳重達〈2006〉。〈青少年之身心發展及行為表現〉。《基層醫學》,21(11),326-332。
  2. 江東亮(1982)。〈什麽是健康呢?〉。《中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌》,1,12-29。
  3. 余慧容、黃純德、陳弘森、蕭思郁、劉秀月、林妤珊(2008)。〈臺灣東部6-12歲國小學生齲齒狀況與飲食習慣、口腔衛生習慣之探討〉。《臺灣口腔醫學科學雜誌》,24,37-48。
  4. 李佩琦(2009)。《國小離婚單親兒童社會支持與生活適應之研究》。國立臺北教育大學心理與諮商學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 李素菁(2002)。《青少年家庭支持與幸福感之相關研究-以臺中市立國中生為例》。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利學系研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中縣。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何柏霖(2014)。高職餐飲科學生社會支持、人際關係與自我概念之研究。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-140。 
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