Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王勝賢,1984,〈國民中小學學生越區就學的效果及其相關問題之探討〉。《教育心理學報》,第17期,151頁至176頁。
  2. 吳清山、黃久芬,1995,〈美國教育選擇權之研究〉。《初等教育學刊》,第4期,1頁至26頁。
  3. 宋曜近、邱佳民、張恬熒、曾芬蘭,2011,〈以國中基本學力測驗成績探討學習成就落差〉。《教育政策論壇》,第14卷第1期,85頁至117頁。
  4. 巫有鎰,1999,〈影響國小學生學業成就的因果機制——以台北市和台東縣做比較〉。《師大教育研究集刊》,第43輯,213頁至242頁。
  5. 林大森、陳憶芬,2006,〈台灣高中生參加補習之效益分析〉。《教育研究集刊》,52輯第4期,35頁至70頁。
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