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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 參考文獻
  2. 1.王淑梅、林宛蓉、郭碧淇。提升化學治療之護理指導專案。腫瘤護
  3. 理雜誌2005;5:63-75。
  4. 2.湯澡薰、楊哲銘、荘淇源、張明利、黃玉純、黃錦鳳等。台灣地區加護病房臨床嚴重度評估系統應用之比較研究。慈濟醫學雜誌2005;17:239-245。
  5. 3.周志銜、何清松、邱耀章、藍守仁、陳俊凱、劉育能等。嘉義市國
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李怡珍(2014)。口腔癌術後病人口腔評估表之建立。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-80。 
  2. 黃瑾蓉(2011)。口腔護理方案於呼吸器相關性肺炎高危險群病患之成效探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-113。 
  3. 蔡詠叡(Y. J. Tsai);郭睿駖(J. L. Kao);章宇涵(Y. H. Chang);江貞紅(C. H. Chiang);黃惠玲(H. L. Huang)(2013)。創新口腔清潔器之設計。福祉科技與服務管理學刊。1(3)。63-70。 
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