Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.中華民國行政院環境保護保署。我國居民頭髮中汞含量調查計畫報告。2006年11月6日,取自:http://www.epa.gov.tw/enews/Newsdetail.asp?InputTime=0941220160655
  2. 2.日本独立行政法人国立環境研究所。頭髪標準試料/環境研究基盤技術Laboratory 環境標準試料。2007年1月10日,取自: http://www.nies.go.jp/labo/crm/hair.html
  3. 3.阮榮泰、羅文智(1985)。高雄市牙科執業人員尿中汞含量之調查。The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(4), 219-225。
  4. 4.林沛儒、曾春祺、王文俐、廖峰聘(1995)。汞齊毒性的現況探討。牙醫學雜誌,15, 85-87。
  5. 5.孫天敏 (2004)。民眾頭髮中總汞濃度、攝取魚貝量及風險認知之研究。碩士論文,台北醫學大學公共衛生研究所,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝彥中(2008)。牙醫工作人員頭髮和尿液中汞濃度及其相關因子之探討。臺北醫學大學牙醫學系碩博士班學位論文。2008。1-93。
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