Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 1
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姚碧玲(2010)。影響慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者自我照顧行為因素之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-73。 
  2. 賀天蕙(1999)。太極拳運動訓練對慢性阻塞性肺疾病患者的呼吸困難、肺功能、情緒及運動耐力之成效。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。1999。1-129。
  3. 楊佩瑄(2003)。應用跨理論模式於慢性阻塞性肺疾病患 運動行為之探討。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。2003。1-124。
  4. 楊佩瑄(2003)。應用跨理論模式於慢性阻塞性肺疾病患運動行為之探討。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。2003。1-124。
  5. 楊佩瑄(2004)。應用跨理論模式於慢性阻塞性肺疾病患 運動行為之探討。高雄醫學大學護理學系研究所學位論文。2004。1-124。
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