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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 江姿瑩(2005). 口腔癌及癌前病變患者術後症狀困擾與照護需求之相關因素探討, 高雄醫學大學.
  2. 2. 严颖彬、 毛驰、彭歆、郭传瑸、张建国、俞光岩 (2009). "97 例口腔癌患者术前生存质量的初步评价." 中國口腔頜面外科雜誌7(5): 411-417.
  3. 3. 李政洋、陳虹汶、李玉嬋、唐婉如、方俊凱 (2011). "癌症照顧的自殺防治." 內科學誌22(5): 335-343.
  4. 4. 季瑋珠、楊志新、許駿、賴佳君 (2002). "癌症病人特定疾病EORTC 生活品質量表簡介." 臺灣醫學6(2): 220-227.
  5. 5. 馬信行(2007). "後設分析之方法論問題之探討." αβγ 量化研究學刊1:170-183.
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