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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bergstrom, J. (2004). Tobacco smoking and chronic destructive periodontal disease. Odontology, 92(1), 1-8.
  2. Bidstrup, P. E., Frederiksen, K., Siersma, V., Mortensen, E. L., Ross, L., Vinther-Larsen, M., et al. (2008). Social-cognitive and school factors in lifetime smoking among adolescents. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 17(8), 1862-1871.
  3. Bidstrup, P. E., Frederiksen, K., Siersma, V., Mortensen, E. L., Ross, L., Vinther-Larsen, M., et al. (2009). Social-cognitive and school factors in initiation of smoking among adolescents: a prospective cohort study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 18(2), 384-392.
  4. Cannick, G. F., Horowitz, A. M., Garr, D. R., Reed, S. G., Neville, B. W., Day, T. A., et al. (2007). Oral cancer prevention and early detection: using the PRECEDE-PROCEED framework to guide the training of health professional students. J Cancer Educ, 22(4), 250-253.
  5. Chan, NL, Thompson B, Taylor VM, Yasui Y, Harris JR, et al. (2007). Smoking prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes among a population of Vietnamese American men. Nicotine Tob Res. , Sep;9 (Suppl 3:S4), 75-84.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鈺惇(2012)。影響婦女進行子宮頸抹片篩檢之相關因素探討。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-107。 
  2. 陳素娥(2011)。家庭教養風格與親子關係對青少年族群吸菸、飲酒、嚼食檳榔行為的影響。高雄醫學大學口腔衛生科學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-275。 
  3. 牛玉珍(2012)。健康促進學校家庭夥伴關係之建立及其影響因素研究—以國民小學為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系學位論文。2012。1-181。
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