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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. Adams, M. L., Jason, L. A., Pokorny, S., & Hunt, Y. (2009). The relationship between school policies and youth tobacco use. J Sch Health, 79(1), 17-23; quiz 41-13.
  3. Anderson, C. B., Pollak, K. I., & Wetter, D. W. (2002). Relations between self-generated positive and negative expected smoking outcomes and smoking behavior: an exploratory study among adolescents. Psychol Addict Behav, 16(3), 196-204.
  4. Aveyard, P., Markham, W. A., & Cheng, K. K. (2004). A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke. Soc Sci Med, 58(11), 2253-2265.
  5. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychol Rev, 84(2), 191-215.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇伊瑜(2014)。行銷溝通新利器: APP廣告產品、促銷類型及置入APP類型之廣告效果。中山大學企業管理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-163。
  2. 蔡文婕(2015)。被數字欺騙了?便利商店集點活動廣告訊息呈現對廣告效果之影響。中山大學行銷傳播管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-237。
  3. 林玉梅(2016)。投資屬性、時間距離、人格特質與投資決策行為關係之研究。臺中科技大學企業管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-72。
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