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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Akihito H, Kimio T, Misato O, Koichi N. (2005). A signal detection approach to patient-doctor communication and doctor-shopping behavior among Japanese patients. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 11(6), 556-567.
  2. Barsky A J, Orav E J, Bates D W. (2006). Distinctive patterns of medical care utilization in patients who somatize. Medical Care, 44(9),803-811.
  3. Carroll C P, Haywood C, Fagan P, Lanzkron S. (2009). The course and correlates of high hospital utilization in sickle cell disease: Evidence from a large, urban
  4. Charlson ME, Ales KL, Simon R, et al. (1987). Why predictive indexes performed less well in validation studies. Arch Intern Med, 147,2155-2161.
  5. Chen LW, Yip W., Chang MC, Lin HS, Lee SD, Chiu YL, Lin YH. (2007). The effects of Taiwan’s national health insurance on access and health status of the elderly. Health
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳添福(2012)。台灣支氣管擴張症之健保醫療利用分析。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-82。 
  2. 李明謙(2017)。初探我國健康照護改革方案— 以促進國民健康與重視被保險人個人責任為策略。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-58。 
  3. 林婉君(2007)。糖尿病衛教師工作壓力及工作滿意度之相關研究。亞洲大學健康管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-119。
  4. 蘇恒萱(2017)。藥事居家照護對高診次病人醫療利用之影響。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-60。
  5. 李忠懿(2018)。全民健保門診高利用者就醫型態分析。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2018。1-76。
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