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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗雲(2002)•等待心臟移植患者自我照顧行為、希望與社會支持之相關性探討。台北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2005).生活品質概念分析於護理之應用•高雄護理雜誌,22(2),21-50。
  3. 王麗惠、劉芹芳(2007).消化系統癌症惡病質病患的個人基本屬性、營養狀況與日常生活活動能力及生活品質之相關性.護理雜誌,54(3),33-42。
  4. 吳佳蓁、翁麗雀、張綺芬、鄭隆賓(2002).肝移植手術後病人生活品質之初探•長庚護理,13,193-203。
  5. 林佳靜、梁靜祝、黃芬蘭、賴裕和(2004).血液透析患者之希望與社會支持的相關性探討.台灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,3(1),17-31。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡宏修(2015)。國中學生希望感、社會支持與自尊關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-231。 
  2. 張淑娟(2014)。慢性肝炎患者生活品質之比較與「個案管理之護理指導」對 慢性C型肝炎抗病毒藥物治療患者之成效。中國醫藥大學公共衛生學系博士班學位論文。2014。1-121。 
  3. 石季子(2012)。肝硬化病患生活經驗之探討-隨風搖盪的蘆葦。中國醫藥大學護理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-127。 
  4. 戴禎儀(2011)。大學生就讀科系挫折、復原力與生涯希望感之關係-以台灣北部大學生為例。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2011。1-172。
  5. 柴怡茜(2012)。社區介入模式對中重度肝硬化患者之成效評估。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-73。
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