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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bruns, F.J. ,Seddon P ,Saul Melissa and Zeidel, M.L.(1998). The cost of caring for End-stage Kidney Disease Patients:An Analysis Based on Hosptial Financial Transaction Records. Journal of American Society of Nephrology,884-890.
  2. Collins, A.J. , Weinhandl Eric, Snyder, J.J.and Chen, S.C.(2002). Comparison and Survival of Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis in the Elderly. Seminars in Dialysis,15(2),98-102.
  3. Charlson M, Pompei P, Ales K, Mackenzie C(1987).A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies:Development and validation.J Chron Dis,40:373-383.
  4. Diaz-Buxo JA, Lowrie EG, Lew NL, Zhang H, Zhu X,Lazarus JM. (1999)Associates of mortality among peritoneal dialysis patients with special reference to peritoneal transport rates and solute clearance. Am J Kidney Dis ,33:523-534.
  5. Gonzalez-Perez, J.G., Vale Luke, Stearns, S.C. and Wordsworth, Sarah(2005). Hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease: A cost-effectiveness analysis of treatment options. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care,21(1),32-39.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佩珍(2012)。透析給付方式認知影響透析醫護人員處方行為之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-89。 
  2. 鄭仁傑(2010)。探討新進入長期透析病人之藥物相關問題以及處方型態分析。成功大學臨床藥學研究所學位論文。2010。1-93。 
  3. 周士茹(2018)。成人繪本對成年初期族群之情緒療癒效用研究-以幾米繪本為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2018。1-176。 
  4. 林麗真(2011)。比較傾向分數配對後不同透析模式病患之長期醫療成本。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-85。 
  5. 謝其政(2011)。台灣末期腎臟病患血液透析與腹膜透析成本效果分析。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-120。
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