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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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    Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王瑞壎(2012).性別與抉擇-女性公職人員生涯十字路口的突破與成長.臺灣教育評論月刊,1(9),27-34。
    2. 王雪鳳、陳宇嘉、蕭正光、張曼萍(2003) .中部某區域醫院護理人員從事護理生涯動機及相關因素.慈濟醫學,15(2) ,121-129。
    3. 江東亮(1988).台灣地區醫療照護的發展與問題.中華衛誌,8(2) , 75-90。
    4. 朱迺欣(2005).十九世紀後期台灣的腦神經疾病一中國海關醫報的紀錄.Acta Neurologica Taiwanica,14(4),222-233。
    5. 李欣芬(1989).基督教與台灣醫療衛生的現代化:以彰化基督教醫院為中心之探討(未發表的碩士論文).台北:台灣師範大學歷史研究所。
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