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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Brake, Mike. 1985. Comparative youth culture: The sociology of youth cultures and youth subcultures in America, Britain, and Canada. London and Boston: Routledge & K. Paul.
  2. Cheng, L. Robert (鄭良偉). 1985. A comparison of Taiwanese, Taiwan Mandarin, and Peking Mandarin. Language 61.2:352-377.
  3. Cohen, Albert K. 1955. Delinquent boys, the subculture of the gang. London: Collier Macmillan.
  4. Collot, Milena, and Nancy Belmore. 1996. Electronic language: A new variety of English. In Computer-mediated communication: Linguistic, social and cross-cultural perspectives, ed. by Susan C. Herring, 13-28. Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
  5. Davis, Boyd H., and Jeutonne P. Brewer. 1997. Electronic discourse: Linguistic individuals in virtual space. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古宇玄(2016)。實施彈性股票面額制度,IPO交易導向前後比較。臺灣大學國際企業學研究所學位論文。2016。1-43。 
  2. 楊亨利(Heng-Li Yang);黃泓彰(Hung-Chang Huang);林青峰(Qing-Feng Lin)(2015)。基於決策樹與二元語言模型的網路用語轉譯系統。電子商務學報。17(1)。25-48。 
  3. 李睿蓁(2018)。LINE貼圖創作原則探討。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2018。1-125。
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