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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(2005)。台灣版世界衛生
  2. 織生活品質問卷發展小組。
  3. 成和玲、余伍洋(1997)。「藥物態度量表」中文版之信效度評估。高雄醫學科學雜誌,13, 370-377。
  4. 夏慧玲、葉玲玲、黃光華(2009)。精神分裂症患者主要照顧者之照顧需要研究。精神衛生護理雜誌,4,9-18
  5. 陳貞吟、陳楚杰、蔡明足、沈玉卿、周歆凱、翁林中(2008)。影響居家長期照護病患主要照顧者生活品質因素之研究【摘要】。長期照顧雜誌,12,267-282。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 譚君儀(2008)。高爾夫球場服務創新管理模式之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2008。1-111。 
  2. 張瑞昌(2016)。銀髮族消費行為之探討 一台中國際高爾夫球場為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2016。1-67。 
  3. 章志昇(2000)。台北地區高爾夫球場消費者行為之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2000。1-117。
  4. 郭國鑫(2006)。高階資訊教育市場行銷策略與會員制度之研究-資訊教育產業為例。中央大學資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-152。
  5. 劉鍾錡(2007)。高爾夫專業化程度對中老年人健康自評之關係。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-96。
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