Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 黃文仙(2002),顧客互動強度、顧客知識管理能力及顧客特性對新產品績效影響之研究-以台灣資訊軟體產業為例。私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  2. 2. Anderson, J. C. and Narus, J. A. 1990. A model of distributor firm and manufacturing firm working partnerships. Journal of Marketing, 54: 42-58.
  3. 5. Bernstein, W.M., Stephan, W.G. & Davis, M.H. 1979. Explaining attributions for achievement: A path analytic approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37: 1810-1821.
  4. 9. Burt, R. S. 1992. Structural holes: The social structure of competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  5. 10. Carlile, P.R. 2002. A pragmatic view of knowledge and boundaries: Boundary objects in new product development. Organization Science, 13(4): 387-401.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 卓宗延(2012)。新產品開發設計績效評估模式之個案研究。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-118。 
  2. 葉育伶(2009)。探討跨領域溝通—以設計與行銷跨領域團隊為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-174。 
  3. 董雅菁(2006)。跨功能研發團隊中溝通模式對設計知識整合之影響。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2006。1-137。
  4. 張瓊方(2007)。不同類型之跨部門整合對新產品發展績效影響之研究。中央大學企業管理學系學位論文。2007。1-111。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :