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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. Shirakawa, H., & Ikeda, S. (1971). Polymer, 2, 231.
  2. 5. Wessling, B., (1991). Synthetic Metals, 1, 119.
  3. 7. Kittel, C., (1986). Introduction to solid state physics, 6th Ed.
  4. 11. Stejskal, J., Gilbert, R. G. (2002). Pure Appl Chem, 74, 857.
  5. 13. Langer, L. (1978). Solid State Commun, 26, 839.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林志忠(2015)。中彰投三縣市區域發展與跨域治理之研究。國立暨南國際大學公共行政與政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-261。 
  2. 黃家玓(2010)。臺北市政府「1999市民熱線」之研究-顧客導向及全觀型治理的觀點。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-231。 
  3. 鄭煥群(2009)。社區治理的新型態:以大溪聯合旗艦社區為例。元智大學資訊社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-205。
  4. 楊貴甯(2009)。行政契約法制在我國地方自治團體間跨域自治事務合作運用之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-261。
  5. 喬憲新(2009)。台灣地方政府跨域治理之研究-以台北縣市共飲翡翠水為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2009。1-285。
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