Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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  1. 7. 何明洲(2012)。住宅竊盜犯罪安全設計與防治之研究。台灣專科警察學校警專學報,第五卷第四期,頁1~46。
  2. 16. 許哲瀚、唐憶淨(2008)。遠距居家照護的現況與未來。台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,Vol. 3),頁34 ~ 46。
  3. 1. 丁于珊(2014)。打造生態體系是關鍵, Google vs. Apple 智慧家庭再定位。CTIMES網站。2015/5/15,取自: http://www.ctimes.com.tw/mpc/2014/08/121526122570/274CoverS.pdf?iframe=true&width=800&height=600。
  4. 2. 田哲榮、司徒懿(譯)(2010)。解析質性研究法與資料(原作者: David Silverman)。台北縣,韋伯文化。(原著出版年: 2006)。
  5. 3. 李彬州(2012)。智慧化建築與室內設計的關係。台灣室內設計雜誌,Vol. 2,頁35 ~ 37。
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