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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anistyasari, Y., & Sarno, R. (2011). Weighted ontology for subject search in learning content
  2. Conference on, pp. 1-4.
  3. Beall, J. (2008). The weaknesses of full-text searching. Journal of Academic Librarianship,
  4. sharing in e-learning management systems. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(3),
  5. learning in the engineering students’ foreign language training. Procedia - Social and
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高秀娟(2013)。後ECFA時代台灣家電廠商競爭策略之研究-以B公司為例。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-95。 
  2. 何若虛(2008)。台灣地區壽險業獎勵旅遊之關鍵成功因素探討。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2008。1-105。
  3. 陳尚輝(2010)。空調水處理業經營策略之研究。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2010。1-96。
  4. 郭健松(2010)。台灣旅行社中高階主管人格特質與領導型態關係之研究。高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2010。1-82。
  5. 潘佳宜(2010)。資訊系統品質、關係品質與持續使用意圖間之關係研究-以線上旅遊服務網站為例。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2010。1-69。
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