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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李振瑋、江耀國,英國資料保護法中資料所有人權利之研究-兼論我國個資法之相關規範即案例,中原財經法學,第二十四期,頁29-57 (2010)。
  2. 李婉萍,隱私暨個人資料保護與管理工具介紹系列(一) - 隱私衝擊分析,第二十三卷第七期,頁18-23(2011)。
  3. 李婉萍,個人資料保護脈絡下的「綑綁式同意」,科技法律透析,第二十四卷第一期,頁18-41(2012)。
  4. 李榮耕,個人資料外洩及個資外洩通知條款的立法芻議,東吳法律學報,第二十卷第四期,頁251-291(2009)。
  5. 李震山,「電腦處理個人資料保護法」之回顧與前瞻,中正法學集刊,第一十四期,頁35-82(2003)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂少莘(2018)。資料保護法之目的限制原則研究-歐盟、英國及我國法之比較。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2018。1-99。
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