Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3、李順騫,2004年,企業經營策略與產業群聚關係之研究-以蘇州地區台商印刷電路板產業為例,中原大學,企業管理學系碩士學位論文
  2. 4、李運鞭,2013年,從企業家心智框架觀點探討併購決策之制定:以印刷電路板產業之個案為例,國立臺灣大學,管理學院碩士在職專班企業管理組碩士論文
  3. 5、汪立偉,2011年,台灣印刷電路板廠經營策略:過去、現在與未來,國立政治大學,經營管理碩士學程碩士論文
  4. 6、林松柏,2008年,電子連接器產業之競爭策略研究-以中小企業個案為例,中原大學,企業管理學系碩士學位論文
  5. 9、曾延錦,2012年,如何讓台灣印刷電路板產業的中小企業永續生存,元智大學,管理碩士在職專班碩士論文
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